Wednesday, October 21, 2020

LATEST PRINT

Kahler v. Kansas: Insanity and the Historical Understanding of Mens Rea

The decision in the recent case of Kahler v. Kansas before the SCOTUS involves important issues in criminal jurisprudence. In this paper, an attempt has been made to trace the nuances of the different forms of defence the insanity plea can take and the practical implications of the same against the background of the Kahler [...]

The Enduring Gaps and Errors in Capital Sentencing in India

In the forty years since Bachan Singh upheld the constitutional validity of the death penalty in May 1980, there have been numerous concerns about the fate of the death penalty sentencing framework laid down by the majority. Inconsistent application, interpretational errors, and judge-centric decision making have dominated these concerns [...]

How Stereotypes about Indians are used to promote Abortion Restrictions in the United States?

Many state legislatures in the United States have passed restrictions on abortion for purposes of selecting the sex of the child. Advocates for these bans are using the widespread crises of sex-selective abortion in India to push for the prohibitions in the U.S. They argue that immigrants from India abort female fetuses [...]

Crimes by Children in Conflict with the Law – Heinousness, Acceptability, and Age of Adulthood: A Comprehensive Critique of the Present Juvenile Justice System

The underlying nature of the Juvenile Justice system has undergone a substantial change with the adoption of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The new Act has widespread implications on the manner in which children in conflict with the law are understood and treated [...]

Admissibility and Proof of RTI Documents under the Indian Evidence Act

The Right to Information Act, 2005 (‘RTI Act’) is frequently used in civil and criminal litigation to obtain government documents. However, the RTI Act is silent about the admissibility and proof of such documents in a trial. High Courts across the country have interpreted the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and handed down conflicting decisions in this regard [...]

An Empirical Assessment of the Collegium’s Impact on Composition of the Indian Supreme Court

With an analysis of data spanning over seventy-two years, we have highlighted how the collegium has altered the composition of the Supreme Court. While the regional diversity of the court has improved in a relative sense, professional diversity in the court has deteriorated alarmingly [...]

The General Executive Power of the Union of India and the Commonwealth of Australia: A Comparative Analysis

The substantive content and ambit of the general executive power of “the Union” of India and of “the Commonwealth” of Australia, provided for in Article 53 and section 61 respectively of their constitutions, is a most significant issue confronting constitutional law in both India and Australia. Reference is made to “general” executive [...]

Carbon Tax as Discrimination: Revisiting the Legal Standard of National Treatment in WTO Law

This paper explores the possibility of an alternative take on the current understanding of the GATT national treatment obligation, especially in the assessment of the possible discriminatory impact of a carbon tax [...]

Insider Trading: Circumstantial Evidence is Evidence Enough?

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (‘SEBI’) is under constant pressure to secure the integrity of the securities market while also ensuring that development of the securities market is not deterred by its overreach [...]

LATEST ONLINE

Trading in Guilt: Unreliability and Institutional Abuse of Sec. 30, Indian Evidence Act

In India, the confession of a co-accused has been provided in Section 30 of the Indian Evidence Act. Section 30 provides that courts may consider the confession of a co-accused against the accused if the confession affects both of them when they are tried jointly. However, such confession may only be used as an additional support [...]

Bright-Lines, Blurred-Lines, and Between-the-Lines: Interpretative Dogmas in Service Law

In practice, not all Service Rules are read alike. Intertwined with political considerations, these Rules raise several jurisprudential difficulties of interpretational consistency, jurisdictional competence, and realpolitik effect. While some Rules are proclaimed as absolute, others are spoken with negotiability; and on rarer occasions, there are whispers of surreptitiousness. The question that arises is whether there exists a uniform judicial approach in Service Law interpretation

Structural Interpretations in Article 25 – Clarifying the Meaning of ‘Freedom’

what is the extent of freedom that is guaranteed under A. 25 (‘the question’)? Prima facie, it may seem as if the answer to this question is very easy. I argue that the opening words of Art. 25 ‘subject to’ can indeed be given differing interpretations, and that the SC has adopted a certain approach implicitly (in that it does not form a part of the court’s analysis explicitly) in Sabarimala. I will clarify the exact meaning (and implications) of the question posed above [...]

Detain/Release: Teaching Law Students About AI Through Simulated Detention Hearings

Today, law students cannot graduate with just an understanding of law and procedure. They need to leave university able to understand and vet how science and technology will affect their practice and clients. This is because technology systems are increasingly affecting legal systems in democracies around the globe: data informs litigation, probability ratios are admitted as evidence,

Who Killed Berta Cáceres? Dams, Death Squads, and an Indigenous Leaders’ Battle for the Planet by Nina Lakhani: A Review

Nina Lakhani in this riveting book stitches together a textured narrative of Honduras, a country whose political economy thrives on extraction, its hostility towards environmental defenders, and the heavily militarised security forces that guard these development projects[..]

‘Make in India’ or Suffer A Compulsory License: An Illegal Deterrent?

Compulsory Licensing is a mechanism through which the State can force a patent-holder to grant a license for exploitation to a firm subject to certain conditions set by law. Article 31 of the Agreement on the TRIPs Agreement prescribes minimum conditions that must be incorporated by the Member States in their respective compulsory licensing legislations [...]

Towards An Anti-Zoo Jurisprudence (1/2)

Part I of the article introduces the changing judicial landscape of animal rights. It analyses the negative impact of zoos on the physical and mental well-being of animals. [...]

Towards An Anti-Zoo Jurisprudence (2/2)

Part II of the article critiques the traditional justifications for animal captivity in zoos. It further juxtaposes these justifications with an emerging anti-captivity jurisprudence. Section 38A of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 provides for the establishment of the Central Zoo Authority (CZA). [...]

Judicial Interference and the IBC: The case of Embassy Property Developments

While the law has been overhauled through the passage of the IBC, the trajectory of court interference is one that has to been seen in the coming few years. However, if the early signs are indicative of anything, it is that the judiciary has not learnt from the failure of the SICA regime – judicial interference continues unabated. [...]